Infection of the skin due to microscopic fungi, often yeasts (see lily of the valley) or dermatophytes. The latter are transmitted between children, others are spread by an infected animal or the earth. These fungi are responsible for cutaneous lesions on the exposed areas and scalp lesions called ringworms.
Oxyurias, roundworms, tapeworms are the most common parasites. Most of the time, these foreign hosts are well supported but they sometimes trigger small disorders, mainly digestive. Antiparasitic drugs can eliminate them. Prevention exists and goes through a scrupulous hygiene and a controlled diet (sufficient cooking of the meat, correct rinsing of vegetables and fruits).
Contagious disease of viral origin which is characterized by a high fever which persists a few days without other symptoms. By the 3rd or 4th day, it gives way to an eruption of pale pink pimples, mainly on the torso and limbs. The sudden exanthem does not require any treatment other than that intended to lower the fever.
Infectious disease caused by a bacterium or bacillus of Koch. BCG (bacillus Calmette and Guerin) is the vaccine to protect against tuberculosis. The vaccination requirement was suspended during the summer of 2007, in favor of a strong recommendation for the vaccination of children most exposed to tuberculosis.
Vegetations are lymphoid tissues that develop during the first year of life, acting as a barrier against microbes that enter through the nose. Some situations of hypertrophy (large vegetations), which can cause respiratory discomfort or infection, call for early surgery.
Still called Down syndrome, this disease results from a bad distribution of chromosomes during the division of the egg. Result: the affected baby has a chromosome 21 in excess, so it has three chromosomes 21. The older the mother is older, the higher the risk of having a child with Down Syndrome.
Allies of the immune system. By confronting your child with a small, non-toxic amount of an infectious germ, vaccines make it possible to make an antibody stock. Your baby will be able to react quickly and defend himself if he comes later to cross the path of this same germ. The vaccination schedule To discover:
Disease of the animal transmitted by direct contact. The symptoms of a zoonosis are not always characteristic. Roundworms of dogs and cats, for example, cause insignificant disorders: abdominal pain, fever, cough, fatigue. Only a blood test, pointing the abnormally high rate of some white blood cells (eosinophils) will put on the path of parasitic infestation.
The bacillus responsible for the disease can survive for years away from the air and light, so in the earth. This is why the most dangerous injuries are soiled wounds. This disease is most often fatal. Fortunately, there is a vaccine of remarkable effectiveness that your baby receives from an early age.
Parasitosis caused by toxocara canis eggs, found in the feces of parasitized young dogs. The scenario is as follows: your child has dirt or "dirty" sand in his mouth and becomes infected. The mechanism of infestation is very fast. The eggs will hatch and give birth in the digestive tract to the larvae.
Sinuses are cavities dug in the bones of the face. It exists in the maxillary, in the bone of the forehead, in the bones of the base of the nose (ethmoid). The starting point is usually an infection of the nose. In the infant, the maxillary and frontal sinuses are not yet formed, but the infection of the ethmoid sinuses exists and can be serious.
Small vesicles similar to mouth ulcers located in the mouth but also under the soles of the feet and hands. This syndrome is due to a virus, coxsackie, and affects many small, especially those kept in community. It is not serious, lasts about a week and requires no treatment, except in case of fever.
Transient and non-serious disorder that corresponds to inflammation of the joint. It usually follows a nasopharyngitis or flu. The child suffers and limps more or less. The treatment goes through rest and the prescription of anti-inflammatory for a few days. If your toddler has a fever, it will probably be best to hospitalize to clarify the diagnosis.
Contagious disease due to streptococcus. After an incubation of two to five days, the child becomes feverish and suffers from red, very painful angina. The rash is quite characteristic and settles in one push all over the body. The treatment is based on penicillin, which prevents joint and kidney complications.
Inflammation of the vegetations that occupy almost all the nasopharynx, a crossroads area located between the nose and the throat. The child is clogged with thick mucus that it is difficult to evacuate by blowing and will stagnate at the entrance to the throat. Regular nose washing with saline will help to drain the nasal cavity and the nasopharynx.